Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen, a physicist at the University of Wurzburg, Germany, first discovered Roentgen rays in 1895 while experimenting with cathode rays. At that time he saw the onset of fluorescence coming from barium platinosianida installed in an electrically powered Crookes-Hittorf tube. He soon realized that this phenomenon was a new discovery that he persistently continued his investigation in the following weeks. Shortly thereafter was a ray called a new ray or X-ray. It was not until later that the ray called the rays of Roentgen as a tribute to Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen.
Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen
The discovery of this Roentgen is a revolution in the medical world because it turns out that the findings can be examined parts of the human body that previously could never be achieved by conventional means. One of the visualizations of Roentgen’s findings is a photograph of his wife’s fingers made with portrait paper placed under his wife’s hands and illuminated with the new light.
Roentgen in subsequent investigations soon found almost all the properties of Roentgen rays, namely their physical and chemical properties. But there is one trait that is not until it is known, namely the biological properties that can damage the living cells. The properties Roentgen finds include that these rays move in a straight line, unaffected by magnetic fields and have stronger penetrating power when higher utility voltages are used, whereas among other properties is that these rays blacken the portrait paper. In addition to his wife’s photographs, there were also the first photographs Roentgen had made in metal boxes, including a pistol and a compass.
A year after Roentgen discovered X-rays, Henri Becquerel, in France, pda in 1895 discovered elements of uranium that had almost the same properties. His discovery was announced at the Paris Academy of Sciences congress that same year. Not long after, Marie and Piere Curie discovered the element of thorium early in 1896, while at the end of the same year the couple discovered a third element called polonium in honor of their home country, Poland. Not long after that they discovered a radium element that emits about 2 million times more radiation than uranium.
Both Roentgen, who in the years after his discovery announced everything he knew about X-rays without the slightest gain, nor did Marie and Piere Curie do the same, receiving the Nobel Prize. Roentgen received in 1901, while Marie and Piere Curie in 1904. In 1911, Marie once again received the Nobel Prize for his research in chemistry. This is the only occasion in which a person gets a Nobel Prize twice. After that, Marie and Piere Curie’s son Irene Curie was also awarded a Nobel Prize in chemistry research with her husband, Joliot in 1931.
As is often the case with new discoveries, not everyone welcomes them with good responses. There are those who are not happy, instead showing excessive negative reactions. A night newspaper in London even said that the new ray that allows people to see other people’s bones as if stripped naked as an impolite. Therefore, it urges all civilized countries to burn all of Roentgen’s works and punish the discoverer’s death.
Another company in London advertises the sale of X-ray-proof pants and skirts, while in New Jersey, the United States, a legal provision prohibits the use of X-rays in operatic glasses. Fortunately these negative voices soon drifted in overflow of praise to the inventor of this ray, which then turned out to be truly a revolution in medical science.
As mentioned above, Roentgen discovers almost all of the physical and chemical properties of the rays he knows, but what is not yet known is his biological nature. This new tattoo is known only a few years later when it appears that the skin can be colored due to irradiation Roentgen. From then on, many scholars have hoped that this ray can also be used for treatment. But at that time it was unthinkable that this ray could harm and damage human life cells. But over time, in the first and second decades of the 20th century, there were many pioneers of Roentgen ray users who became victims of this ray.
Biologic abnormalities caused by Roentgen is in the form of damage to living cells that in its level just a change of color until blackened skin, even sa