The meaning of Hajj according to language (etymology) is to go to Baitullah (Ka’ba) to perform the worship which has been established or determined by Allah swt.
The term Hajj (terminology) is to go to the holy land (Mecca), to perform tawaf, sa’i and wukuf in Padang Arafah and to observe all the provisions of the pilgrimage in Zulhijah month.
Understanding Umrah according to language (etymology) that is taken from the word “i’tamara” which means visiting. In the Shari’a, umrah means to visit Baitullah (Masjidil Haram) with the aim of getting closer to Allah by fulfilling certain conditions whose time is not specified like the Hajj.
The Law of Hajj and Umrah
The law of performing Hajj is mandatory for every capable Muslim, according to the word of Allah in Surah Ali Imran Verse 97. which means.
Meaning: “There are real signs (among them) maqam Ibrahin, whoever
Enter it (the House) be secure him. Working on Hajj is a human obligation to God, that is, those who are able to travel to the House. Whoever denies (the obligation of Hajj) is indeed Allah Mahakaya (does not require anything) of the universe. “(Surah Ali Imran: 97).
As scholars argue that the umrah law mutahabah means good to do and not obliged. Hadith of the Prophet Muhammad. States the following.
Meaning: Hajj is fardu while umrah is “tatarupu.” (A1 Hadith)
Tatawu means that it is not obligatory, but it is good to get closer to God and to do it more than to abandon it because it has rewards rewards.
Terms, Rukun, Mandatory, and Sunnah Hajj and Umrah
Terms of Hajj
Conditions of pilgrimage is capable (power), Islam, intelligent, balig, merdeka, there is provision, and safe
on the way.
The pillars of Hajj are as follows.
Ihram intends to start working on the pilgrimage by wearing a white cloth that is not sewn. This worship begins after arriving at miqat (predetermined boundaries).
Miqat is divided into two namely:
Miqat zamani, which is the time-determined limit. Starting from Shawwal until the dawn of the 10th of Zulhijah. That is, only in that period of pilgrimage can be performed.
Miqat makani ie, the limits that have been set by place. Miqat makani divided
Into several tem- ples as follows.
For those who settled in Mecca, ihram’s intentions were counted from the exit of Mecca.
For people from Medina and beyond, the intention of ihram begins when they reach Dzulhulaifah (Bir Ali).
For people from Sham, Egypt, and westward, start their ihram when they reach Juhfah.
For those who came from Yemen and Hijaz, ihram began after they reached the hill of Qarnul Manazil.
For people from India, Indonesia, and the one country started ihram after they were on the hill of Yalamlam.
For the person who came from the direction of Iraq and the one with it, ihram started from Dzatu Irqin.
Wukuf in Arafat
Wukuf in Arafat is to stop at Padang Arafah since the sun flood on 9 Zulhijah until dawn on the 10th of Zulhijah. Read Oleh Oleh Haji
Tawaf ifadah is to surround the Ka’ba 7 times with the following conditions.
1) Sacred of hadas and impure both body and clothing.
2) Close the aurat.
3) The Ka’ba is to the left of the people who surround it.
4) Start the tawaf from the direction of the aswad (black stone) stone located in one corner outside the Ka’ba.
Various kinds of tawaf itself there are five kinds, such as the following.
A) Tawaf qudum is a tawaf performed when it came to Mecca
B) Tawaf ifadah is a tawaf that became the pillars of hajj
C) Tawaf sunna is a tawaf performed solely for the pleasure of Allah.
D) Tawaf vows are tawaf performed to fulfill the vow.
E) Tawaf wada is a tawaaf performed before leaving the city of Mecca